DoT Announces 'Voluntary' Self-Driving Vehicle Safety Guidelines
The industry comments will likely shape the upcoming mandatory regulations.
SAE's Six Levels of Driving Automation
• Level 1–Driver Assistance: The vehicle can handle some steering, acceleration and braking functions, but the operator must be ready to take over those functions if called upon by the vehicle.
• Level 2–Partial Automation: The vehicle handles steering, acceleration and braking, but immediately lets the operator take over if he or she detects events to which the vehicle is not responding. In the first three SAE levels, the operator is responsible for monitoring the surroundings, traffic, weather and road conditions.
• Level 3–Conditional Automation: The vehicle monitors surroundings and controls all steering, acceleration and braking in certain "normal" environments, such as highways. But the operator must be ready to intervene if the vehicle requests it.
• Level 4–High Automation: The vehicle handles steering, acceleration and braking, as well as monitoring the surroundings in most types of environments; exceptions include extreme conditions, such as severe weather. The operator switches on the automatic driving only when it is notified and it is safe to do so.
• Level 5–Full Automation: The operator only has to set the destination and start the vehicle, which then handles all other tasks. The vehicle can drive to any legal destination and make its own decisions on the way. The operator may have the option to control the vehicle.
Priority Safety Design Elements for ADS Suppliers
Operational Design Domain
• Roadway types on which the ADS is intended to operate safely
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